5 Summer Diseases You Should Be Aware Of

Summer is a time for fun, vacations & outdoor activities. However, the hot & humid weather also brings with it a host of health concerns. And, in such conditions, being aware of common summer diseases can help you take preventive measures and seek timely medical attention if needed.

Thus owing to this, here are five summer diseases you should be aware of

1. Heatstroke

Heatstroke is a severe form of hyperthermia where the body’s temperature regulation system fails due to prolonged exposure to high temperatures and dehydration.

Heatstroke is known to lead to life-threatening conditions if not treated promptly.


• High body temperature (above 104°F or 40°C)

• Hot, dry skin or profuse sweating

• Rapid pulse

• Headache, dizziness and confusion

• Nausea and vomiting

• Unconsciousness


• Stay hydrated by drinking plenty of water.

• Avoid strenuous activities during peak sun hours (10 AM to 4 PM).

• Wear light, loose-fitting clothing and use sunscreen.

• Take regular breaks in shady or air-conditioned environments.

2. Dehydration

Dehydration occurs when the body loses more fluids than it takes in, affecting normal bodily functions. It’s especially common in the summer due to excessive sweating and inadequate fluid intake.


• Thirst and dry mouth

• Dark yellow urine or infrequent urination

• Fatigue and weakness

• Dizziness and confusion

• Dry skin


• Drink plenty of fluids (especially water throughout the day).

• Avoid excessive consumption of caffeine and alcohol.

• Consume water-rich fruits and vegetables such as melon and cucumber.

• Pay attention to your body’s thirst signals and drink water before feeling thirsty.

3. Food Poisoning

Food poisoning happens when you ingest contaminated foods or beverages. The hot and humid summer weather creates an ideal environment for bacteria and other pathogens to thrive in food.


• Nausea and vomiting

• Diarrhea

• Stomach cramps and pain

• Fever

• Weakness and fatigue


• Ensure that food is completely prepared and stored at optimal temperatures.

• Avoid consuming raw or undercooked meats and eggs.

• Wash fruits and vegetables before eating.

• Practice proper hygiene by washing your hands before handling food.

4. Sunburn

Sunburn is skin damage caused by excessive exposure to ultraviolet (UV) rays from the sun. Repeated sunburns might raise the risk of skin cancer.


• Red, painful and swollen skin

• Blisters

• Peeling skin after a few days

• Itchiness


• Use a broad-spectrum sunscreen with an SPF of 30 or higher.

• Reapply sunscreen every two hours, or more frequently if you swim or sweat heavily.

• Wear protective clothing, hats and sunglasses.

• Seek shade wherever feasible, particularly during high sunlight hours.

5. Mosquito-Borne Diseases

Mosquitoes thrive in warm weather and can transmit diseases like dengue fever, malaria and Zika virus. These diseases have the potential to cause major health issues.


• High fever

• Severe headache

• Joint and muscle pain

• Rash

• Nausea and vomiting


• Use insect repellent and wear long-sleeved clothes.

• Close windows and doors or use screens to prevent mosquitos from entering.

• Remove any standing water near your house to avoid mosquito breeding.

• Use mosquito netting while sleeping, particularly in high-risk locations.

Final Thoughts

Summer diseases can put a damper on your sunny plans but with awareness and preventive measures, you can enjoy the season safely.

If you experience symptoms of any of these conditions, it’s crucial to seek medical attention promptly.

At KMC Hospital, we have the best doctors in Dehradun who are dedicated to your health and well-being. Our facilities are available 24/7, ensuring that you receive the care you need at any time.

Don’t hesitate to reach out to us for any health concerns this summer. And, now that you know how to prevent summer diseases, make sure to stay safe and enjoy the sunshine responsibly!

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